585 BC - A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
1503 - The Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England is signed, which would actually last 10 years.
1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
1908 - Ian Fleming, English author (d. 1964)
1944 - Rudy Giuliani, Mayor of New York City
1998 - Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (b. 1948)
Holidays and Observances:
Sunset and sunrise occur along Manhattan's street grid centerline
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